Chapter 15: Therapies: Techniques for Alleviating Mental Disorders
Practice Test I



1.  

According to Freud, psychological disorders stem from conflicts between:

A. ego versus superego.
B. id versus ego versus superego.
C. conscious versus preconscious
D. sexual drives versus libidinal drives


2.  

The types of therapy that helps clients become more truly themselves are called:

A. behavioral therapies.
B. psychoanalytic therapies
C. humanistic therapies
D. cognitive therapies


3.  

A humanistic therapy that focuses on helping individuals reclaim lost parts of their being in order to become whole is referred to as:

A. Gestalt therapy.
B. client-centered therapy
C. person-centered therapy
D. rational-emotive therapy


4.  

Therapies based on the principles of learning are:

A. person-centered therapies.
B. psychoanalytic therapies
C. Gestalt therapies.
D. behavioral therapies.


5.  

In _____, an individual is taught the basic social skills that he or she might be lacking.

A. modeling training
B. person-centered training
C. assertiveness training
D. desensitization training


6.  

Lisa was using the process of _____ when she failed a test and thought that her whole academic career was going to end.

A. irrational thinking
B. discrimination
C. transference
D. resistance


7.  

According to Beck's cognitive therapy, depression is caused by:

A. a discrepancy between the self-concept and reality.
B. unconscious conflicts created in early childhood.
C. a chemical imbalance in the cerebral cortex.
D. distorted thoughts that make a person feel worthless.


8.  

Which of these is not a form of group therapy?

A. Assertiveness training
B. Psychodrama
C. Social skills training
D. Cognitive behavior training


9.  

Problems of _____ are the number one cause of difficulties in marriages.

A. communication
B. sex
C. money
D. in-laws


10.  

The family therapist with whom Ralph is working uses _____, which focuses on instituting specific, well-defined changes within the family.

A. affective framing therapy
B. cognitive restructuring therapy
C. psychoanalytic procedure therapy
D. problem-solving therapy


11.  

One possible side effect of the extended use of antipsychotic drugs is _____, the loss of motor control, especially in the face.

A. antithetic disorder
B. epiglottis distortion
C. tardive dyskinesia
D. phalanges dysfunction


12.  

Most research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy supports which of these conclusions?

A. People who receive no treatment improve most.
B. People who receive psychotherapy improve most.
C. Psychotherapy is just as effective as no treatment.
D. No general conclusions can be drawn from the research.


13.  

All forms of psychotherapy have a common core of features that includes:

A. a belief in the importance of the unconscious.
B. an explanation for the client's problems.
C. an agreement on the causes of disorders.
D. a desire to aid the client's personal growth.


14.  

Primary prevention refers to programs designed to:

A. assess the psychological damage of an event.
B. detect psychological problems early.
C. prevent psychological problems from occurring.
D. ease the pain of psychological disorders.


15.  

Which of the following is not suggested as a way of choosing a therapist?

A. matching the therapist with same-sex clients
B. checking the therapist's credentials
C. matching the therapist's specialization with the type of problem suffered by the client
D. beware of exaggerated claims

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